«  الرجوع   طباعة  »

شواهد النصوص لسودين

 

Holy_bible_1

 

شواهد النصوص اي ما هي الشواهد التي تشهد لكل نص وانواع النصوص شرحته باختصار في جزء تقسيم النصوص 

وهذا التقسيم يتم كما شرحت سابقا في اول جزء من مقدمة النقد النصي وهي تاسيس شجرة العائلة وهو القسيم الذي قدمته الان 

ولتحديد مخطوطة تنتمي الي اي عائلة هو يقارن القراءات الموجوده فيها ويحسبوا نسب القراءات بمعني مخطوطة بها 70% بيزنطي و 25% اسكندري و 5% غربي مثلا فهي تنتمي الي العائلة البيزنطية 

وهذا التقسيم اصبح يطبق علي الاسفار فقسم العهد الجديد الي اناجيل واعمال والبولس والكاثوليكون والرؤيا 

فاصبح كل جزء من مخطوطة بمعني الاناجيل في المخطوطة يدرس نصوصها وتطبق عليها الانتساب الي العائلة في كل قسم فقد تكون مخطوطة بيظنطية كلها وقد تكون بيزنطية في الاناجيل وغربية في الاعمال وهكذا  

 

ولازال الابحاث تجدري علي المخطوطات وايضا علي الترجمات وايضا الاباء 

فتنتسب كل ترجمه الي عائلة وايضا ينتسب كل اب الي عائلة كما قدمت سابقا وايضا قد نجد اب بيزنطي في الاناجيل وغربي في البولس وهكذا  

 

 

 

فون سودين 

وهو يسمي هرمان فيرهير فون سودين

Hermann Freiherr von Soden

16 August 1852-15 January 1914

وهو الماني ويعتبر من اعظم باحثي النقد النصي في زمانه وهو يقال انه راجع كل مخطوطات الكتاب المتوفره في عصره وتقريبا هو الوحيد الذي استطاع ان يفعل ذلك 

وهو قسم النصوص الي ثلاث انواع 

كويني وهو يرمز له بحرف كبا وهو يقابل النص التقليدي المتسلم او البيزنطي

Koine = K 

وهيسيخي ويرمز له بحرف ايتا وهو يقابل الاسكندري

Hesychian = H 

واورشليمي  ورمز له بحرف يوتا وهو يقابل النص الغربي 

Jerusalem = I 

وهو قام بالتقسيم الاتي  

The Gospels

Comment: This is, of course, Family 1 (the Lake Group). The existence of Von Soden's subgroups is questionable, and Wisse believes 22 to belong to a separate type. 

Comment: This is Family 13 (the Ferrar Group). Wisse does not break the type into subgroups, but Soden's subdivisions have been accepted by others such as Colwell. 

Comment: This group was confirmed but redivided by Wisse. The manuscripts most distinct from Kx he called Group 1216 (this group was earlier confirmed by Colwell). Others he classified as Group 16 and as Kx Cluster 17. Even Group 1216 is basically Byzantine. 

Comment: The existence of I (which von Soden also called Kaand which is now usually and properly referred to as Family has been repeatedly confirmed, most recently by Wisse (who however redivides the subgroups). Whether von Soden is correct in considering it not purely Byzantine is, however, open to question; it certainly is primarily Byzantine, and its early strength implies that it might be one of the primary early branches of the Byzantine text-type. 

Acts

For an overall view of Von Soden's system in the Acts, Paul, and the Catholic Epistles, see the Summary following the section on the Catholic Epistles. 

Comment: This group simply cannot be treated as a unity. D, of course, is "Western," but E has both Byzantine and Alexandrian elements; its "Western" readings are probably derived from the Latin. Many of the other witnesses are also Byzantine, or Byzantine/Alexandrian mixes. There are valuable manuscripts in this section, but they do not form a text-type, and need to be investigated individually. 

This group is Family 1739, which unquestionably exists and includes the majority, perhaps all, of these witnesses (206 323 429 522 1739 1891, for instance, have been confirmed by Geer). There is, however, no basis for Von Soden's subgroups, and even less reason to think that the type is "Western." Available evidence indicates that Family 1739 is either Alexandrian, an Alexandrian/Western mix, or a distinct type. 

Comment: This is the entity variously called Family 614, Family 1611, or Family 2138. Its existence cannot be questioned (though not all of the witnesses listed here have been verified as members of the family). Von Soden's subgroups are, however, questionable (they are demonstrably wrong in Paul and the Catholic Epistles). It is also questionable whether this type is, in fact, "Western"; while it has certain of the D-type readings, it does not agree consistently with D, and does not agree with D F G of Paul or the Old Latin fragments in the Catholics. 

Paul

For an overall view of Von Soden's system in the Acts, Paul, and the Catholic Epistles, see the Summary following the section on the Catholic Epistles. 

Comment: This group contains many members which belong with Family 1739 in Acts (e.g. 206, 323, 429, 522, 1891, 2298). Some of these (323, 2298) are also members of Family 1739 in the Catholics; others (206, 429, 522) shift to Family 2138. All of these witnesses, however, lose their value in Paul, and there is no reason to believe any of the other Ib witnesses are any better. Although this group has some meaning in the Acts, and rather less in the Catholics, in Paul it can be completely ignored. The manuscripts are, almost without exception, Byzantine in this corpus. 

Catholic Epistles

For an overall view of Von Soden's system in the Acts, Paul, and the Catholic Epistles, see the Summary following the section on the Catholic Epistles. 

Comment: Iain the Acts and Paul, contains the uncials which are the core of the "Western" text. In the Catholic Epistles, however, there are no "Western" uncials -- indeed, there is no absolute proof that there ever was a "Western" text of these writings. Deprived of the uncials, the Ia group becomes a collection of not-necessarily-related minuscules (some, such as 436, are Alexandrian; many others are Byzantine and listed here based primarily on their texts in the Acts or Paul). 

Comment: This group corresponds roughly to Family 1739 in the Acts. In the Catholics, however, von Soden withdrew all the Family 1739 witnesses (323 1739 2298) and listed them with the H text. This leaves the Ib group very weak; many of the members are Byzantine, and the handful which are not (206 429 522) here belong with Family 2138 -- i.e. in the Ic group. The Ib groups do not appear to have any meaning in the Catholics. 

Summary of Von Soden's work on the Acts, Paul, Catholic Epistles

It has become customary to ignore Von Soden's groupings outside the Gospels, and with good reason; many of the manuscripts he classified simply do not show the features he attributes to them, and manuscripts shift groups more than his system allows. And yet, if we look at the overall results for the Acts and Epistles, von Soden's results bear a striking resemblance to the results outlined in this document. The "H" group is the Alexandrian text (von Soden cannot be faulted for failing to realize the existence of the P46/B type in Paul; a text-type can only be recognized when two witnesses exist, and von Soden did not know P46). Ia is the "Western" text. Ib is Family 1739. Ic is Family 2138. And the "K" text is the Byzantine text. If von Soden is to be faulted, it is for not clearly identifying the boundaries of the types. In other words, though Von Soden did not realize it, he too was struggling with the definition of a text-type, just as we have done. In addition, von Soden included many irrelevant witnesses in his groups (often, it appears, by assuming that a manuscript had the same type in all three sections unless it was known to undergo a shift). This, combined with the rather sloppy way witnesses were cited, makes it hard to perceive the broad accuracy of its groupings (e.g. it's hard to realize that Ib is Family 1739 in Paul when von Soden places 1739 and all its kin in H!). 

Apocalypse

Von Soden's textual theory in the Apocalypse has received even less attention than his work in other areas, having been completely eclipsed by the work of Schmid.[12] The outline which follows is, therefore, less detailed than those which preceded. Note that the following list does not agree, even approximately, with the citation order in Merk or Bover! Von Soden in these books has a bad habit of putting manuscripts in multiple categories -- e.g. 051 is listed as an Andreas manuscript (2) with a text-type of H. The information here is as interpreted in the Kurzgefasste Liste. Note that not all the manuscripts listed under the Andreas type actually have Andreas's commentary; the manuscripts listed here are listed by von Soden as having the Andreas-type text, but some (e.g. 1611) have no commentary at all. 

 

والمجد لله دائما